Sunday, March 26, 2017

The end of World War I


14 points
League of Nations
"Big Four"
Versailles Treaty
War guilt clause


How does Woodrow Wilson imagine ending the First World War?  How can his 14 points be seen as liberal?  Why did he think this would prevent future conflict?  In what way were his 14 points unsuccessful?

Why might the attenders of the Paris Peace Conference along with their decisions reached through the Treaty of Versailles act to fuel the tensions leading to World War II?

Thursday, March 23, 2017

The Russian Revolution

VI Lenin
Leon Trotsky
February Revolution
Provisional Government
Alexander Kerensky
Petrograd Soviet
Army Order #1
October Revolution
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
War Communism


What were the various reasons why the Russian people wanted to overthrow Tsar Nicholas II?

How did the provisional government differ from the Duma?  Why did the Petrograd Soviet also emerge?

What was Army Order #1? How might this have contributed to the fall of the provisional government?

How do the Bolsheviks prevail in overthrowing the provisional government?  What are the various ways the Bolsheviks work to maintain power?

How and why does Lenin end Russia's involvement in WWI so quickly?

What are the reasons why the Bolsheviks were successful in the Russian Civil War?  Why weren't the Allies successfully able to help the "Whites"?

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

World War I Part II


Franz Ferdinand
Black Hand
Schlieffen Plan
First Battle of the Marne
Trench Warfare
Battle of the Somme
Battle of Verdun
Allied Naval Blockade


Why was Kaiser Wilhelm II so ready and willing to assist Austria against Serbia?

What was the reason for the domino-like pattern of war declarations in 1914?

What was the Schieffen Plan and why did it fail?

How does trench warfare affect the course of war and how are Verdun and the Somme good examples of this?

How was the naval blockade successful against Germany?

Why was the sinking of the Lusitania a pivotal moment for shaping the course of war?

Thursday, March 16, 2017

The Outbreak of World War I


League of Three Emperors
Dual Alliance
Triple Alliance
Russian-German Reinsurance Treaty
Britain "Splendid Isolation"
Anglo-Japanese Alliance
Entente Cordiale
Triple Entente
Kruger Telegram
Algeciras Conference/First Moroccan Crisis
Second Moroccan Crisis
First Balkan Crisis
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War


Identify the major alliances Bismarck fashioned in the late 19th century.  Why did he enter into so many?

Why did Britain end its period of isolationism in Europe?

Why did Germany feel the need to industrialize/militarize so quickly in the late 19th century?  How does Britain respond to them?

How do the First and Second Moroccan crises show the changing relationship between France and Britain?  What causes them to get along better?

Why is there crisis in the Balkans and what does it have to do with Turkey?  How does Serbia feel about Austria and Bulgaria by the end of these conflicts?  Why is Russia invested in this conflict?

Thursday, March 2, 2017

Italian and German Unification


Giuseppe Mazzini/Young Italy
Vincenzo Gioberti
Count Cavour
Pope Pius IX/Syllabus of Errors
Giuseppe Garibaldi/Red Shirts


To what extent did nationalism play a role in both Italian and German unification?  Use specific examples from both.